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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院客家委員會 (2005) 2005客家桐花祭導覽手冊。
  2. 行政院客家委員會 (2006) 2006客家桐花祭導覽手冊。
  3. 行政院農業委員會 (1986) 國際種子檢查規則。台灣省政府農林廳印行。264-265
  4. 陳運造 (2006) 苗栗地區重要外來入侵植物圖誌。行政院農業委員會苗栗區農業改良場。1-28。
  5. 嚴匡國 (1942) 桐油。正中書局。11-12。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳穎(2013)。雪山雪東線步道種子植物開花物候之調查。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2013。1-98。 
  2. 陳彥匡(2012)。斗六地區圓葉布勒德藤之生殖生物學。中興大學生命科學系所學位論文。2012。1-46。 
  3. 王俊閔(2009)。台中大坑地區植群生態之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2009。1-136。 
  4. 楊迪嵐(2008)。斗六丘陵植群生態之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2008。1-107。 
  5. 盧佳宜(2013)。桐花圖像做為客家意象最具代表性圖像之適切性研究。臺中科技大學商業設計系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-186。 
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