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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] F. J. Angulo, K. R. Johnson, R. V. Tauxe, M. L. Cohen, Origins and consequences of antimicrobial-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella: implications for the use of fluoroquionolones in food animal, Microb. Drug Resist. 6 (2000) 77-83.
  2. [3] B. Martinsen, T. E. Horsberg, Comparative single-dose pharmacokinetics of four quinolones, oxolinic acid, flumequine, sarafloxacin, and enrofloxacin, in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) held in seawater at 10 degrees C, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 39 (1995) 1059-1064.
  3. [4] J. C. Yorke, P. Froc, Quantitation of nine quinolones in chicken tissues by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection, J. Chromatogr. A 882 (2000) 63-77.
  4. [5] J. Duan, Z. Yuan, Development of an Indirect Competitive ELISA for Ciprofloxacin Residues in Food Animal Edible Tissues, J. Agric. Food Chem. 49 (2001) 1087-1089.
  5. [7] W. H. Sheng, Y. C. Chen, J. T. Wang, S. C. Chang, K. T. Luh, W. C. Hsieh, Emerging fluoroquinolone-resistance for common clinically important gram-negative bacteria in Taiwan, Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 43 (2002) 141-147.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉彥甫(2015)。整合交流電動渦流於電化學阻抗免疫感測晶片的研發。中興大學生物產業機電工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-70。 
  2. 江權庭(2012)。高表面積化銅電極的製作與在電化學感測器的應用。中興大學生物產業機電工程學系所學位論文。2012。1-76。 
  3. 楊東潔(2011)。整合交流電滲流之阻抗式核酸生物感測晶片的研發。中興大學生物產業機電工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-121。 
  4. 蘇慧汶(2014)。開發高靈敏度之液晶感測器以應用於癌症生物標記CA-125之無標記免疫偵測。交通大學影像與生醫光電研究所學位論文。2014。1-72。 
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