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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 150 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.王朝成(2003)。國內消防機關顧客滿意度經營之研究。國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。台南。
  2. 18.吳威宏。2012。布袋鹽場溼地棲地環境管理之探討。國立成功大學水利及海洋工程研究所。碩士論文。臺南。
  3. 19.吳建昇(2010)。道光三年以前台江內海及周圍地區歷史變遷之研究。國立成功大學歷史系碩博士班。博士論文。臺南。
  4. 20. 呂孟霓(2013)。誰的文化?什麼文化?從橋仔頭糖廠到文化創意園區。國立清華大學人類學研究所碩士論文。新竹。
  5. 23.李光中 b(2008)。文化景觀保育與社區參與。地景保育通訊。第 26 卷。P6-12。
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