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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔祥璿 (2011) 以葉綠體及核微衛星DNA標記探究臺灣水靑岡之族群遺傳結構。臺灣大學生態與演化生物學系研究所碩士論文。共53頁。
  2. 洪煜鈞 (2009) 臺灣南部大型猛禽棲地利用及棲地適合度分布預測。國立屏東科技大學野生動物保育研究所碩士論文。共62頁。
  3. 邱清安 (1996) 插天山自然保留區植相與植群之研究。國立中興大學森林學研究所碩士論文。共162頁。
  4. 邱清安、陳子英、王志強、邱祈榮、賴彥任、蔡智勇 (2013) 應用BIOMOD2模式臺灣水青岡之分布。林業研究季刊 35(4): 253-271。
  5. 曹立松 (2007) 應用廣義加法模式建構六種臺灣針葉樹物種分布範圍與氣候因子之關係。國立臺灣大學生物資源暨農學院森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文。共86頁。
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