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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 呂福原、歐辰雄、呂金誠 (1999) 台灣樹木解說 (三)。行政院農業委員會。160頁。
    2. 林家榮 (2012) 臺灣莔麻亞族 (錦葵科) 植物分類研究。國立中興大學森林系碩士論文。共167頁。
    3. 林惠雯 (2010) 台灣金午時花屬 (錦葵科) 植物之系統分類學研究。國立中興大學森林學系碩士論文。共160頁。
    4. Bayer, C., M. F. Fay, A. Y. De Bruijn, V. Savolainen, C. M. Morton, K. Kubitzki, W. S. Alverson and M. W. Chase (1999) Support for an expanded family concept of Malvaceae within a recirumscribed older Malvales: a combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL DNA sequence. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society 129: 267-303.
    5. Boufford, D. E., C. F. Hsieh, T. C. Huang, H. Ohashi, C. I. Peng, J. L. Tsai and K. C. Yang (2003) Malvaceae. In: Huang, T. C. et al. (eds.) Flora of Taiwan Vol. 6. Editorial Committee. Department of Botany, National Taiwan University. p. 77.
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 江佳穎(2015)。以分子標誌探討臺灣木槿屬 (錦葵科) 植物之親緣關係。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2015。1-88。 
    2. 吳佾鴻(2016)。臺灣產山茶科分類學研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2016。1-373。
    3. 戴緯昱(2016)。臺灣錦葵亞科 (錦葵科) 植物親緣關係初步探討。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2016。1-208。
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