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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王居卿、余強生、吳欣玫(2003),台灣生技醫藥健康產業推動電子市集的關鍵成功因素研究,電子商務研究,1(1),41-66。
  2. 5. 台中榮民總醫院編輯小組(2007),台中榮民總醫院簡介,台中市:榮民總醫院。
  3. 6. 田曉華、張勝立、李怡慶、吳世望、蔡雅芳(2002),建構醫院供需價值鏈—以中部某區域醫院為例.醫務管理期刊,4(1),台灣醫務管理學會。
  4. 7. 古秋雲、蔡明田、陳建成(2008),服務品質與服務價值對顧客忠誠度影響效果之實證研究-以國立成功大學附設醫院健康檢查中心為例,醫管期刊。
  5. 8. 李正淳、蔡昆道、林清淵、陳志毅、許南榮、林曉娟、陳偉德(2008),兼顧醫療照護品質與醫師專業能力之健康照護矩陣。醫學教育,12(1),45-51。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴惠鈴(2015)。台灣塑鋼窗產業銷售者市場結構之探討。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-72。
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