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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中國國家標準CNS。2000年。食品中兒茶素含量檢驗法。經濟部中央標準局。總號:15022,類號:N6384。
  2. 王素梅、簡相堂。2011年。台灣功能茶飲料方興未艾。ITIS 食品工業發展研究所。 ( 首頁>重點產業與投資機會>產業動態>產業動態詳細內容)。
  3. 李錦楓、陳建元、黃卓治、陳華敏、蔡滄朝、洪沄利、古國隆、曾慶灜、李貽琳、楊正護、王正方、林志城、陳昭雄、黃至盛。2011年6月。新編食品加工。匯華圖書出版股份有限公司。255-256。
  4. 林親錄、劉冠民。1994年9月。綠茶飲料保色的探討。食品科學。18-20。
  5. 周琦淳、莊培梃、黃大維、李亞潔、張家瑋、黃姵嘉、洪瑀彤、魏中帆、王紀新、易博士編輯部。2013年2月。食品安全全書。易博士文化,城邦文化事業股份有限公司。61。
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