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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李虹韻(2009)。線圖策略對國小數學低成就學生兩步驟文字題之學習成效(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台北教育大學,台北市。
  2. 邱芳津(1990)。國二資優學生線型函數概念之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立彰化師範大學,彰化。
  3. 郭生玉(1990)。心理與教育測驗,台北:精華。
  4. 張景媛(1994)。數學文字題錯誤概念分析及學生建構數學概念的研究。教育心理學報,27,175-200。
  5. 劉貞宜(2000)。數學資優生的解題歷程分析-以建中三位不同能力的數學資優生為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊雅婷(2013)。國中生指數概念及運算錯誤類型分析之研究。淡江大學中等學校教師在職進修數學教學碩士學位班學位論文。2013。1-133。 
  2. 王毓玲(2015)。大台中地區國中一年級學生一元一次方程式應用題的解題歷程分析。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2015。1-118。 
  3. 黃駿耀(2011)。高中學生三角函數文字應用題解題歷程之分析研究。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2011。1-133。
  4. 林雅柔(2016)。大台中地區國中三年級學生二次函數文字題的解題歷程分析。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2016。1-107。
  5. 徐金君(2017)。應用放聲思考法探討台中地區高職生之數學解題歷程-以三角函數為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2017。1-101。
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