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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.李素馨、解智鈞、侯錦雄,(2007),蘭嶼兒童之遊戲行為與環境認知,戶外遊憩研究,20(4),27-49。
  2. 9.夏鑄九,(1983),都市開放空間的概念及台北地區之相關問題,台大建築系與城鄉研究所學報,vol.2,33-43。
  3. 13.陳淑娟、董旭英,(2006),個人犯罪被害恐懼感影響因素之研究,犯罪學期刊,中華民國犯罪學學會,第九卷第二期,p35.-56
  4. 20. Downs, R. M, Liben, L. S, & Daggs, D. G. (1990). Commentary-On 'On education and Geographers:the Role of Cognitive Developmental Theory in Geographic Education'. Annals of Association of American Geographers, 80, 123-135.
  5. 21. Downs, R. M. & Stea, D. (1973). Theory. In R. M. Downs & D. Stea, Eds, Image and Environment. Chicago, IL: Aldine, pp.1-7.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瑟芳(2015)。戶外熱環境之實測與模擬-以屏東縣五溝村傳統聚落為例。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2015。1-71。 
  2. 陳寧馨(2016)。校園戶外環境及自然通風教室之熱舒適調查與分析。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2016。1-75。
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