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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 4. 司徒達賢(1995),《策略管理》, 遠流出版社
    2. 4. 許惠珠(2003), “交易成本理論之回顧與前瞻”,中華技術學院國際貿易學系講師
    3. 13. 劉素珍(2002), “進入策略、產業網路發展與經營績效關係之研究—以赴大陸投資被動元件產業之台商為研究對象”,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文
    4. 14. 紀秋煌(2002), “通路控制力、通路類型與通路績效之研究—以兩岸台商工具機供應鏈為研究對象”,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文
    5. 15. 游曉芸(2003), “大陸台商策略聯盟類型決定因素之研究—以電機電子業實證」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳佩青(2011)。台灣電子業綠色策略績效評估之研究 ─ 應用成本與利益控制準則下之分析網路程序法。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2011。1-81。 
    2. 吳文藝(2013)。陸軍兵科學校各層級管理理論認知與運用在經營成效之探討。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-135。
    3. 王忠一(2014)。軍中領導力與管理功能運用之探討-以國軍某單位為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-116。
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