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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王建興, 黃國軒, & 方怡潔. (2016)。球隊主場行銷, 屬地聯想, 球隊認同與行為意圖之關係研究── 以中華職棒大聯盟 Lamigo 桃猿隊為例. 運動休閒管理學報, 13(1), 9-24.
  2. 呂宛蓁(2006)。職棒現場觀眾參與行為意圖模式之研究. 臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文, 1-300.
  3. 余宗龍(2014)。建構職棒球賽再次購票觀賞的行為意圖模式: 以涉入程度為區隔變數. 大專體育學刊, 16(2), 151-166.
  4. 吳曉雯(2002)。 影響職棒球迷選擇支持球隊的因素及其與忠誠度, 滿意度的關係(未出版碩士論文). 國立體育大學, 桃園縣.
  5. 黃鴻順(2011)。認同圈的量化與應用之初探。習慣領域期刊 2卷2期1-20
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