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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 235 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余舜德(1999) 。夜市研究與台灣社會。人類學在台灣的發展:經驗研究篇。人類學在台灣的發展:經驗研究篇,89-126。 圖書文章,409393,中央研究民族學研究所。
  2. 余舜德、周耿生(2004)。台灣夜市市場系統的發展:以台北都會區及台南縣為例。民族學研究所資料彙編,18,1-42。
  3. 吳佳華(2011)。夜市觀光意象、體驗滿意度與體驗後行為關聯性研究-以高雄六合觀光夜市遊客為例。商業現代化學刊,,6(2), 59-74。
  4. 林俊昇(2005)。不同類型遊客的遊憩動機與滿意度對重遊意願之關聯性分析-以渡假型休閒農場爲例。戶外遊憩研究,18(2),25-47。
  5. 林建宏、吳孟采、黃俊淵、蔡宜靜、黃俊欽(2015)。商店氣氛、消費者情緒、體驗價值對顧客滿意度之影響:以提卡異國料理餐廳為例。興國學報,16,107-126。
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