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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10.台北農產運銷股份有限公司。2004。果菜運銷統計年報。臺北農業運銷股份有限公司。台灣台北。pp. 336~368。
  2. 17.林嘉興。2001。甜柿經營與管理。台中區農業改良場特刊。50:1~11。
  3. 21.張致盛。2001。柿子品種之介紹。甜柿經營與管理。台中區農業改良場特刊。台灣台中。50:11~19。
  4. 42.溫英杰。2002。參加第二屆國際柿子研討會報告。農業試驗所技術服務季刊。49:3~50。
  5. 43.溫英杰、許財誠。2003。利用DAPD技術分析桃種原親緣關係。中華農學研究。52:144~152。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘美汶(2010)。更年性與非更年性番石榴果實發育期間糖類代謝之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2010。1-89。 
  2. 張靜誼(2008)。桃的ISSR指紋圖譜分析。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2008。1-85。 
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