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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈白奎、鄧汀欽、余志儒、林俊義。2002。西瓜栽培管理。行政院農業委員會農業試驗所特刊第103號。
  2. 何琇銀。2007。抗胡瓜嵌紋、胡瓜綠斑嵌紋與西瓜嵌紋病毒轉基因之研發。國立中興大學農藝系碩士論文。台中。
  3. 林俊義、安寶貞、張清安、羅朝村、謝廷芳。2004。作物病害之非農藥防治。行政院農業委員會農業試驗所特刊第110號。
  4. 林學詩、全中和。2000。小型冬瓜「花蓮一號」(吉豐)的育成與推廣。花蓮區農業改良場農技報導49: 1-3。
  5. 陳明昭。1995。大胡瓜新品種台農一號成果示範。高雄區農業專訊第14期: 15。 
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佳華(2011)。抗三種蝴蝶蘭病毒轉基因植物之研發。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。2011。1-55。
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