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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳美美。「演進中的圖書館評鑑工作與評鑑研究」。教育資料與圖書館學34卷1期(民85年),頁40-59。
  2. 張保隆、謝寶煖。「大學圖書館服務品質評估之研究」。中國圖書館學會會報56期(民85年6月),頁49-68。
  3. 張慧銖。「我對公共圖書館流通業務的看法」。臺北市立圖書館館訊 3卷2期(民74年12月),頁31-33。
  4. 臺北市立圖書館自動化工作小組。「臺北市立圖書館流通業務自動化分析報告」。臺北市立圖書館館訊7卷2期(民78年12月),頁43-50。
  5. 鄭麗敏。「自動化流通系統與讀者服務」。臺北市立圖書館館訊6卷4期(民78年6月),頁20-25。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡欣如(2013)。大學圖書館績效評估指標可行性之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2013。1-124。
  2. 李健彰(2017)。醫學圖書館使用滿意度之探討─以南區某區域教學醫院為例。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2017。1-51。
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