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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.呂錦明(2001),「竹林之培育及經營管理」,行政院農業委員會林業試驗所。
  2. 11.林信輝、翁書敏(2011),「桂/莿竹林生育特性與環境保育問題」,林業研究專訊,18(1):23-29。
  3. 15.林維治(1996),「林維治先生竹類論文集」,行政院農業委員會林業試驗所。
  4. 27.陳秀婷(2006),「植根土壤剪力強度之實驗量測與數值分析」,國立中央大學土木工程學系碩士論文。
  5. 32.賴俊帆(2007),「桂竹林根系拉拔試驗及其坡面之穩定性評估」,國立中興大學水土保持學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪培翔(2015)。八種不同耐陰性樹種根系分布樣式之比較。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2015。1-43。 
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