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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 173 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭新煌、官有垣、陸宛蘋 (2009)。《非營利部門:組織與運作》 (修訂二版)。臺北市:巨流。
  2. 王仕圖 (2013)。非營利組織在社區照顧服務的協調合作─以社區照顧關懷據點為例。《臺大社會工作學刊》,第27期,頁185-228。
  3. 石泱、孫健忠 (2011)。原鄉地區福利服務輸送網絡建構之研究。《台灣原住民族研究季刊》,第4卷第4期,頁33-60。
  4. 宋餘俠 (2006)。重組行政組織及資訊系統提供整合服務。《研考雙月刊》,第30卷,頁1-8。
  5. 沈瓊桃 (2008)。婚暴併兒虐服務整合的挑戰與模式初探。《社會政策與社會工作學刊》,第12卷第1期,頁51-90。
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