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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ashida H, Ogawa M, Kim M, Suzuki S, Sanada T, Punginelli C, Mimuro H, Sasakawa C: Shigella deploy multiple countermeasures against host innate immune responses. Curr Opin Microbiol 2011; 14: 16-23.
  2. Ashida H, Ogawa M, Mimuro H, Sasakawa C. Shigella infection of intestinal epithelium and circumvention of the host innate defense system. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 2009; 337: 231-255.
  3. Bernardini ML, Mounier J, d'Hauteville H, Coquis-Rondon M, Sansonetti PJ. Identification of icsA, a plasmid locus of Shigella flexneri that governs bacterial intra- and intercellular spread through interaction with F-actin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1989; 86: 3867-3871.
  4. Buchrieser C, Glaser P, Rusniok C, Nedjari H, D'Hauteville H, Kunst F, Sansonetti P & Parsot C. The virulence plasmid pWR100 and the repertoire of proteins secreted by the type III secretion apparatus of Shigella flexneri. Mol Microbiol 2000; 38: 760-771.
  5. Calderon-Margalit R, Navon-Venezia S, Gefen D, Amitai Z, Barda R, Vulikh I, Sompolinsky D. Biennial hyperepidemic shigellosis in an observant Jewish community. Epidemiol Infect 2010; 138: 244-252.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙昱翔(2012)。大腸桿菌素 colicin Ib (Col Ib)的定性。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2012。1-79。 
  2. 顏珮詩(2006)。本土志賀桿菌的ipaB基因及其蛋白產物功能分析。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2006。1-100。
  3. 曾昭傑(2012)。福氏志賀菌IpaB蛋白及其衍生蛋白對大腸癌細胞株HCT116的影響。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2012。1-63。
  4. 呂筱萱(2015)。大腸桿菌素 colicin Ib 在大腸桿菌中之表現、分布及其活性分析。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。
  5. 鍾睿語(2017)。大腸桿菌素 colicin Ib 純化及特性分析。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2017。1-95。
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