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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 222 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 肖篤寧,(1993),景觀生態學:理論、方法與應用,台北:地景企業股份有限公司。
  2. 13 黃慈愛,(2006),農地休耕對鄉村景觀格局變遷影響之研究,台北:國立台灣大學。
  3. 6. 朱達仁,(2005),魚類污染耐受指標之建構對納入IBI模式評估溪流整治之差異研究,中華建築學刊,1(2):43-49。
  4. 12. 江彥政,(2009),鄉村環境景觀生態結構對生心理反應之影響,建築學報 67, 131-148。
  5. 20. 宋文娟,(2001),一種質量並重的研究法-德菲法在醫務管理學研究領域之應用,醫務管理期刊,2(2):11-20。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林建邦(2015)。農村窳陋空間改善評估準則之建立。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-155。 
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