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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 尤昭云、李文昭 (2006) 多元醇液化柳杉及其在PU發泡體之應用。林產工業 25 (2):143-158。
  2. 3. 李文昭、林孟萱 (2009) 多元醇液化木材製作聚胺基甲酸酯薄膜之力學性質。林產工業 28(3):167-176。
  3. 4. 李文昭、張嘉方 (2003) 聚乙二醇液化之探討-杉木及相思樹。林產工業 22(3):205-214。
  4. 5. 李文昭、張嘉方 (2004a) 多元醇液化杉木在聚胺酯發泡體製造之應用。中華林學季刊 37(1):111-119。
  5. 6. 李文昭、張嘉方 (2004b) 多元醇液化木材相思樹在聚胺基甲酸酯發泡體製造之應用。林產工業 23:239-248。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳伃(2014)。液化相思樹為基質醇酸系多元醇製作聚胺基甲酸酯樹脂之性質。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2014。1-105。 
  2. 胡銘珊(2013)。多元醇液化木質素應用於水性聚胺基甲酸酯樹脂及有機-無機混成材料之製備。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2013。1-108。 
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