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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.李文昭、劉正字 (2001) 液化杉木樹皮製造酚-甲醛樹枝木材膠合劑。林產工業20(3):205-214。
  2. 2.李文昭、張嘉芳 (2003) 聚乙二醇液化之探討-杉木及相思樹。林產工業 22(3):205-214。
  3. 3.吳秋昌、李文昭 (2009) 酚/雙酚A混合液液化柳杉木材之性質。林產工業 28(2):85-98。
  4. 4.康甄玲、吳秋昌、李文昭(2009)環氧樹脂/酚液化柳杉摻合樹脂製作環氧發泡體 28(3):177-188。
  5. 5.謝漢民、張國峻、許玲瑛、李文昭 (2010) 以酚液化相思樹為基質NovolaK型酚甲醛樹脂含浸木粉製造成型板性質之研究。林業研究季刊 32(4):61-70。
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