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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳梅蘭、曾哲仁(1994)。國小學童數學態度及其相關因素之研究。臺南師院學生學刊,15,19-38。
  2. 李美枝(1994)。社會心理學。臺北市:大洋。
  3. 周祝瑛(2003)。誰捉弄了臺灣教改?臺北市:心理出版社。
  4. 林明地(1997)。家長參與學校教育的研究與實際:對教育改革的啟示。教育
  5. 邱佳椿(2003)。高職電機電子群學生學習態度與學業成就之路徑模式研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊勝涵(2013)。擴大免試入學方案對國中生數學學習態度之影響-以台中市某國中為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2013。1-112。 
  2. 蔡佩君(2013)。互動式電子白板在國小英語教學過程中 對學習成就、學習態度與學習專注度之影響。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-107。 
  3. 高峻哲(2014)。合作學習對國中八年級學生數學學習態度與學習成就影響之研究– 以「一元二次方程式」單元為例。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2014。1-132。 
  4. 鍾宜芳(2014)。桃園縣國民小學原住民學童數學學習態度之研究—以大溪鎮為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-70。 
  5. 許囷芸(2014)。新移民子女數學學習態度之研究 -以桃園縣一所國民小學為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-89。
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