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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王梅香、江澤群(2003)。台北市青少年休閒動機與休閒參與之研究。北體學報,11,203-216。
  2. 吳崇旗、王偉琴(2006)。大學生休閒參與、休閒滿意與主觀幸福感之相關研究。台灣體育運動管理學報,4,154-169。
  3. 林晏州(1984)。區域性戶外遊憩資源規劃方法之研究—兼論台灣地區遊憩資源開發策略。都市與計劃,11,1-18。
  4. 林敬銘、張家昌(2007)。探究台中市公務人員的生活型態與休閒運動參與程度之關係。運動休閒管理學報,4(1),91-108。
  5. 林聰哲、李世昌(2008)。南投縣老年人休閒參與、休閒利益與休閒滿意度之研究。運動休閒管理學報,5(1),35-56。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 範氏海燕(2012)。越南新娘在台灣生活的角色衝突、休閒阻礙與休閒活動參與之研究。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-166。 
  2. 廖浩彬(2010)。外籍勞工休閒參與及休閒效益之研究-以印尼籍外勞為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2010。1-163。
  3. 林秀卿(2010)。大台北地區公立中等學校兼任行政教師休閒參與及其影響因素之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-157。
  4. 吳珀霖(2016)。臺中市私立高中教師工作壓力、休閒活動參與及教師自我效能之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-136。
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