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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭美雯(2007) 本土志賀氏桿菌自發性質體變異株之致病性與抗藥性研究。國立中興大學分子生物學研究所碩士論文。
  2. Braun, V., S. I. Patzer, K. Hantke. (2002) Ton-dependent colicins and microcins: molecular design and evolution. Biochemie 84:365-380.
  3. Cavard,D. (1997) Role of the colicin A lysis protein in the expression of the colicin A operon. Microbiology 143:2295-2303.
  4. Cavard, D. (2002) Assembly of colicin A in the outer membrane of producing Escherichia coli cells requires both phospholipase A and one porin, but phospholipase A is sufficient foe secretion. J. Bacteriol. 184:3723-3733.
  5. Cavard, D., and C. Lazdunski. (1990) Colicin cleavageby OmpT protease during both entry into and release from Escherichia coli cells. J. Bacteriol. 172:648-652.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙昱翔(2012)。大腸桿菌素 colicin Ib (Col Ib)的定性。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2012。1-79。 
  2. 楊世駿(2012)。(1) 台灣南投地區痢疾桿菌菌株的毒性與流行性之研究 (2) 珍珠內蛋白質之檢測與鑑定。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2012。1-232。 
  3. 詹雅婷(2011)。志賀氏痢疾桿菌colicin Ib之純化與結晶。中興大學生物化學研究所學位論文。2011。1-33。 
  4. 呂筱萱(2015)。大腸桿菌素 colicin Ib 在大腸桿菌中之表現、分布及其活性分析。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。
  5. 鍾睿語(2017)。大腸桿菌素 colicin Ib 純化及特性分析。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2017。1-95。
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