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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林淑馨(2010)。《質性研究:理論與實務》。臺北:巨流。
    2. 張文隆(2011)。《當責》。臺北市:商周出版。
    3. 朱鎮明(2005)。〈政策網路中協力關係的成效:理論性的探討〉。《公共行政學報》,第17期,頁117-162。
    4. 黃子華、李惠芬(2010)。〈政府推動整合型服務之探討─以單一窗口為例〉。《研考雙月刊》,第34卷第5期,頁39-52。
    5. 楊秀娟(2002)。〈單一窗口服務機制的推動〉。《研考雙月刊》,第26卷第5期,頁30-39。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 傅郁涵(2015)。地方行政機關總務單位角色功能之研究-以臺北市政府衛生局為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2015。1-168。
    2. 徐浩哲(2016)。地方政府內部跨單位合作之研究:以基隆市執行社區照顧關懷據點政策為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2016。1-172。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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