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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張有恆(2005)。《現代運輸學》。臺北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 王千文、陳敦源(2012)。〈形式上還是實質上的「公私協力」:全民健康保險總額支付制度個案分析〉。《公共行政學報》,第42期,頁99-137。
  3. 林淑馨(2011)。(民間參與公共建設的迷思與現實:日本公立醫院PFI 之啟示)。《公共行政學報》,第39期,頁:1-35。
  4. 高嘉濃(2012)。〈從促參業務之推動探討公私部門合作機制〉。《中華技術》,第90期,頁:53-60。
  5. 蔡允棟(2002)。〈新治理與治理工具的選擇:政策設計的層次分析〉。《中國行政評論》,第11卷第2期,頁47-76。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃昭儒(2015)。中石化安順廠汙染整治問題之協力治理分析。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2015。1-252。
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