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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 152 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Armendariz, L. C. 2000. Population dynamics of Stylaria lacustris (Linnaeus, 1767) (Oligochaeta, Naididae) in Los Talas, Argentina. Hydrobiologia 438: 217-226.
  2. 2. Aston, R. J., 1973. Tubificids and water quality: a review. Environmental Pollution 5: 1-10.
  3. 6. Blakemore, R. J., C. H. Chang, S. C. Chuang, M. T. Ito, S. James and J. H. Chen. 2006. Biodiversity of earthworms in Taiwan: a Species checklist with the confirmation and new records of the exotic Lumbricids Eisenia fetida and Eiseniella tetraedra. Taiwania 51: 226-236.
  4. 7. Bley, A. E. and G. A Wray. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of naidid worms (Annelida: Clitellata) based on cytochrome oxidase I. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 50–63.
  5. 9. Blott, S. and K. Pye. 2001. GRADISTAT: A grain size distribution and statistics package for the analysis of unconsolidated sediments. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 26: 1267-1248.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 游欣瑜(2011)。單葉沙蠶(Namalycastis abiuma)於台中旱溪之族群分布及生物學研究。中興大學生命科學系所學位論文。2011。1-48。 
  2. 張霈瑩(2011)。臺灣河川生態環境梯度與魚類群落之時空變異。成功大學水利及海洋工程學系學位論文。2011。1-111。 
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