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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何筱嬋。2006。鑑定參與竹嵌紋病毒正股複製的寄主蛋白。國立中興大學生物科技學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 陳盈君。2007。參與竹嵌紋病毒核酸基因體正股複製的寄主蛋白鑑定與探討。國立中興大學生物科技學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 陸曉慧。2008。煙草宿主蛋白Hsp70和Hsp90參與竹嵌紋病毒感染週期之研究。國立中興大學生物科技學研究所碩士論文。
  4. Ahlquist, P., Noueiry, A.O., Lee, W.M., Kushner, D.B., and Dye, B.T. (2003). Host factors in positive-strand RNA virus genome replication. J Virol 77, 8181-8186.
  5. Alfenas-Zerbini, P., Maia, I.G., Favaro, R.D., Cascardo, J.C., Brommonschenkel, S.H., and Zerbini, F.M. (2009). Genome-wide analysis of differentially expressed genes during the early stages of tomato infection by a potyvirus. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 22, 352-361.
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