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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 290 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 布里辛斯基(Zbigniew Brzezinski),郭希誠譯(2004),《美國的抉擇》(The Choice: Global Domination or Global Leadership)。台北:左岸文化。
  2. 法蘭西斯•福山 (Francis Fukuyama),閻紀宇譯(2005),《強國論》 (State-building : governance and world order in the 21st century)。台北:時報文化。
  3. 張亞中主編(2007),《國際關係總論》。台北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  4. 詹姆斯•曼(James Mann),韓紅、田軍、蕭宏宇譯(2006),《布希戰爭內閣史》(Rise of The Vulcans The History of Bush’s War Cabinet)。北京:北京大學出版社。
  5. 羅伯特•J•阿特,羅伯特•杰維斯(Robert J. Art and Robert Jervis),時殷弘,吳征宇譯(2007),《國際政治─常在概念和當代問題》(International Politics Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues)。北京:中國人民大學出版社。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林芝卉(2017)。美國歐巴馬政府因應「伊斯蘭國」威脅之政策研究。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2017。1-143。
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