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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王德睦、呂朝賢、何華欽(民92)。台灣貧窮門檻與測量的建立:FCSU的應用。台大社工學刊,30,1-28。
    2. 呂菁雅(民93)。台灣家戶分類實證模型之建構與比較。元智大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
    3. 林金源(民86)。家庭結構變化對台灣所得分配及經濟福利分配的影響。人文及社會科學集刊,9(4),39-63。
    4. 林美伶、王德睦(民89)。貧窮門檻對貧窮率與貧窮人口組成之影響。台灣社會福利學刊(電子期刊),1,93-124。取自:
    5. 陳淑美、張金鶚、陳建良(民93)。家戶遷移與居住品質變化關係之研究—台北縣市的實證分析。住宅學報,13(1),51-74。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鄭景名(2010)。台灣飲食消費分配不均與影響因素之探討。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2010。1-70。 
    2. 陳佑民(2010)。不同家庭生命週期國內旅遊支出影響因素之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2010。1-75。
    3. 秦宜萍(2013)。「宅配晚餐」初探:家庭外食行為與家務性別分工。高雄餐旅大學台灣飲食文化產業研究所學位論文。2013。1-107。
    4. 楊才霈(2014)。家庭生命週期對飲料消費支出關係之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-53。
    5. 陳英玉(2014)。台灣家庭美容美髮消費支出影響因素之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒生活美學產業碩士專班學位論文。2014。1-49。
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