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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣省政府農林廳。1990。水稻蟲害。植物保護手冊。台灣省政府農林廳。pp. 31-37。
  2. 行政院農業委員會農糧署。2007。台灣糧食統計要覽。
  3. 沈文凱。2008。南台灣埃及斑紋對合成除蟲菊殺蟲劑抗藥性之研究。國立中興大學昆蟲學系碩士論文。pp. 16-24。
  4. 陳哲仁、李長沛、曾東海、吳明哲。2008。稻米品質功能性標誌分析。台灣農業研究。57:317-322。
  5. 黃守宏、鄭清煥、楊秀瑛。2005。。台灣中部地區危害水稻螟蟲類之發生調查。pp.18-19。中華植物保護協會(第四十五屆)台灣昆蟲協會(第二十屆)聯合年會手冊。中華植物保護協會、台灣昆蟲學會。
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