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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王維洋。1992。台灣桉樹病害調查報告。林業試驗所研究報告季刊7(2):179-194。
  2. 行政院農業委員會。2007。民國96年農業統計年報。行政院農委會出版。339頁。
  3. 林宗俊。1999。丁香及其主成分防治甘藍苗立枯病的功效。國立中興大學植物病理學系碩士論文。72 頁。
  4. 張東柱。1992。牛樟扦插苗之兩種新病害。林業試驗所研究報告季刊7:231-236。
  5. 張林仁、林嘉興。1994。應用園藝技術調節枇杷產期。枇杷生產技術研習會專集。台中區農業改良場特刊第34號。p. 61-71。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉士財(2016)。紅龍果莖潰瘍病之病原菌特性及其防治。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2016。1-171。
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