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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李易輯。2009。D型胺基酸氧化酵素基因(daao)作為甘藍之農桿菌基因轉殖法的篩選標誌基因之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 林依萱。2007。共同轉移Bt基因到結球白菜葉綠體之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 許家言。2006。小白菜組織培養再生與基因轉殖之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所博士論文。
  4. Alonso, J., J. L. Barredo, B. Diez, E. Mellado, F. Salto, J. L. Garcia, and E. Cortes. 1998. D-amino acid oxidase gene from Rhodotorula gracilis(Rhodospoidium toruloides) ATCC 26217. Microbiol. 144: 1095-1101.
  5. Bennett, P. M., C. T. Livesey, D. Nathwani, D. S. Reeves, J. R. Saunders, and R. Wise. 2004. An assessment of the risks associated with the use of antibiotic resistance genes in genetically modified plants: report of the Working Party of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 53: 418-431.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀銘坤(2015)。D型胺基酸氧化酵素(daao)、轉榖氨醯胺酵素(tga)及溶菌酶(lys)基因轉殖至小白菜之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-157。 
  2. 廖珮君(2011)。D型丙胺酸消旋酵素基因(D-AlaR)作為甘藍之葉綠體基因轉殖的篩選標誌基因之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2011。1-78。 
  3. 紀科衡(2017)。轉榖氨醯胺酵素(Transglutaminase)基因轉殖至水稻葉綠體之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2017。1-189。
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