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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張紹勳(2004)。《管理學》。臺中:滄海。
  2. 余鑑、于俊傑、蔡尚鈞、劉曾若(2011)。〈人力資源管理對組織承諾之影響—以敬業貢獻度為中介變項〉。《創新研發學刊》,第7卷第1期,頁75-86。
  3. 宋校年(2010)。〈工作生活品質與工作投入關係之研究-以高中職體育教師為例〉。《國立嘉義大學體育健康休閒期刊》,第9卷3期,頁35-42。
  4. 林俊傑(2007)。〈組織承諾的理論與相關研究之探討〉。《學校行政雙月刊》,第51期,頁37-50。
  5. 陳春希、高瑞新(2010)。〈工作壓力與工作適應:探討不同工作特性—區公所警察人員組織承諾的調節效果〉。《人力資源管理學報》,第10卷第4期,頁1-31。
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