Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李珮芸,「外加碳源對生物薄膜反應器處理低碳氮比高科技業廢水之影響」,國立交通大學環境工程系所,碩士論文,2011。
  2. 馮宇柔,「利用通氣式薄膜生物反應槽與厭氧氨氧化程序進行廢水除氮之研究」,國立臺灣大學工學院環境工程學研究所,博士論文,2008。
  3. 陳依旻,「薄膜生物處理系統(MBR)中溶解性微生物產物(SMP)特性與影響之研究」,國立中央大學環境工程研究所,碩士論文,2011。
  4. 陳秋萍,「聚乙烯共乙烯醇/聚偏二氟乙烯複合膜於滲透蒸發與蒸氣滲透之探討」,中原大學化學工程研究所,碩士論文,2005。
  5. 陳文祥,「微過濾薄膜系統處理地下水中鐵錳之研究」,國立中興大學環境工程學系所,博士論文,2010。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林宏昇(2016)。以生物薄膜法對總氮去除之研究-碳氮比的影響。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2016。1-50。
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