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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 205 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡育岱,〈「人權與主權的對立、共存與規避」:論述《國家保護責任》在人道干預上的意涵及重要性〉,《東吳政治學報》,第二十八卷,第四期(2010年),頁1-36。
  2. 鞠德風,段復初,郭雪真,〈國家主權與主權國家的迷思— 人道軍事干預、經貿全球化與主權理論的反思〉,《復興崗學報》,第91期(2008年),頁143-168。
  3. 孫若怡,〈堅持對抗,走一條自己的道路:格達費其人其事〉,《海峽評論》,第244期(2011),頁17-23。
  4. Bellamy, Alex J. (2009), Responsibility to Protect: The Global Effort to End Mass Atrocities. Cambridge, Malden, MA: Polity.
  5. Cohen, Roberta and Deng, Fransic M. (1996), Masses in Flight: The Global Crisis of Internal Displacement. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.
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