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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美玲 ( 2002 )。醫療產業團隊管理之實證研究。靜宜大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 王柏森(2009)。慢速壘球參與者之參與動機、團隊凝聚力 與社會支持之相關研究。未出版之碩士論文,臺北市,國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所。
  3. 王潔玲 (2002)。教練與選手目標取向適配性對大專女子籃球選手團隊適應及團隊滿意度的影響。國立體育學院體育研究碩士論文,未出版,桃園。
  4. 呂青山(1999)。社會女子甲組籃球代表隊員成就動機與成績表現影響之分析研究。明志技術學院學報,31,101-132。
  5. 呂碧琴(1991)。自信心與運動表現。中華體育,4(4),21-25。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗觀(2015)。理財專員正負向情緒影響績效之研究-以團隊凝聚力為中介變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-98。 
  2. 劉雅琳(2017)。運動團隊凝聚力之領導行為因素的應用探討-以中興大學女子籃球隊為例。中興大學運動與健康管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-91。
  3. 曾科魁(2017)。團體動力與團體凝聚力對國民中學童軍教育學習滿意度影響之研究。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-93。
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