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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 林晏州、蘇美玲,1999,都市公園使用者休閒態度之研究-以台北市大安森林公園為例。戶外遊憩研究,12(1):61-86。
  2. 8. 林寶秀,2001,都市公園分佈型態與居民遊憩品質關係之研究,國立台灣大學園藝學研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 12. 許維芝,2002,民間參與都市公園開發策略之研究—以台南市為例。國立成功大學建築研究所碩士論文。
  4. 30. Craik, K. H. & Zude, E. H.(1976), Perceiving Environmental Quality,New York:Plenum.
  5. 32. Ishikawa, A. Michio, T. S Amagasa.,G.. Tomizawa, R. Tatsuta & H. Mieno(1993), The Max-Min Delphi method and fuzzy Deliph method via fuzzy integration. Fuzzy sets and system, 55:241-253.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊佩書(2015)。護岸步道鋪面材料視覺偏好之研究。中興大學水土保持學系所學位論文。2015。1-125。 
  2. 毛梅春(2016)。時尚性感服飾裸露程度影響分析 暨設計模式與創作驗證之研究。樹德科技大學生活產品設計系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-236。
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