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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 安寶貞。2001。植物病害的非農藥防治品-亞磷酸。植物病理學會刊10:147-154。
  2. 林立、楊大吉。2008。非農藥資材防治棉蚜及蔥薊馬之研究。花蓮區農業改良場研究彙報26:17-28。
  3. 林秋琍。2001。十字花科蔬菜炭疽病之生物特性與防治。國立中興大學植物病理系碩士論文。66頁。
  4. 林秋琍、林宗俊、黃振文。2010。丁香油與植物營養防治十字花科蔬菜炭疽病之效果評估。植物病理學會刊19(2):167-176。
  5. 林融駿。2012。氮、鉀、鈣及鎂養分濃度對水耕小白菜感染炭疽病之影響。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文。84頁。
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