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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林幸助、李承錄、黃衍勳、鄭惠元、戴孝勳、林良瑾。2010。波光綠茵。東沙環礁國家公園解說叢書---海草床篇。海洋國家公園管理處。
  2. 林幸助、徐顯富、廖偉勝、李承錄、劉弼仁、林綉美。2013。桃園藻礁的生物多樣性。濕地學刊。2:1-24
  3. 徐顯富。2013。桃園藻礁底棲無脊椎動物群集的時空變化。國立中興大學生命科學系碩士論文。
  4. 劉靜榆。2012。搶救台灣藻礁---消失中的生命聚寶盆。行政院農業委員會特有生物研究保育中心。
  5. 戴昌鳳、王世偉、張睿昇。2009。大潭天然氣海底管線對於觀音海岸藻礁影響程度調查工作監測記錄分析報告書。台灣中油股份有限公司液化天然氣工程處。
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