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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 李汾陽(2010)。文化資產概論。台北市:秀威
  2. 1. 楊凱成(2007)。產業遺址製造與城市形象工程:以魯爾區(Ruhr Area)區域轉型為例。民俗曲藝,157,145-183
  3. 2. 劉藍玉(2009)。德國文化資產管理制度現況及案例。博物館學季刊,23(4):65-87
  4. 4. 陳明惠、潘釔天、張佑宇、吳俊德(2012)。文化創意園區與都市活化:中國上海田子坊與英國雪菲爾文化特區個案研究。科技管理學刊,17(1):27-72
  5. Originally published as Dialektik der Aufklarung, 1944
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉芊雅(2013)。文化創意園區藝術與商業的結合:台北華山1914、上海M50與紐約蘇活區個案研究。中興大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-111。 
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