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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 189 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 王珊瑜,(2007),台北市小型安養護機構老人認知功能之探討:簡易智能狀態量表(MMSE)之運用,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學社會科學院社會工作學研究所,台北。
  2. 9. 王雅誼,(2008),多感官環境治療介入對失智患者行為精神症狀及憂鬱症狀改善之成效探討,碩士論文,國防醫學院護理研究所,台北。
  3. 10. 王瀅筑、陳炳堯、朱僑麗,(2009),園藝活動對養護機構住民身心功能之影響,長期照護雜誌,13(3),325-337。
  4. 12. 白明奇,(2009),腦力檢查室:常用於失智症的神經心理學相關測驗,健康世界,278,95-100。
  5. 13. 石佳蓉,(2009),體能活動與失智老人庭園空間設計,長期照護雜誌,13(3), 377-388。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張元毓(2017)。探討校園園藝活動對兒童之效益及其影響因素。臺灣大學 園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2017。1-129。 
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