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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千文、陳敦源(2012)。〈形式上還是實質上的「公私協力」:全民健康保險總額支付制度個案分析〉。《公共行政學報》,第42期,頁99-137。
  2. 王光旭(2011)。〈社會網絡影響公私協力運作成效之研究:以台灣中醫與牙醫健康保險總額支付委員會為例〉。《行政暨政策學報》,第53期,頁 65-114。
  3. 朱鎮明(2005)。〈政策網絡中協力關係的成效:理論性的探討〉。《公共行政學報》,第17期,頁113-158。
  4. 陳定銘、陳樺潔、游靖宇(2012)。〈政府與客家社團協力指標之析探〉。《行政暨政策學報》,第54期,頁41-82。
  5. 陳恒鈞、張國偉(2012)。〈組織協力與組織績效之研究:以雲林縣蔬菜產銷班為例〉。《公共行政學報》,第19期,頁1-54。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉臺忠(2017)。臺中市北屯區里與社區發展協會協力關係對社區發展之影響。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-198。
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