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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐慈鴻、李貽華、李國欽:2003。基因轉殖植物之生物安全性評估及管理。行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所技術專刊第126號
  2. 陳烈夫,呂秀英,呂椿棠,魏夢麗:2004。轉基因作物安全性風險評估的程序與方法。科學農業。52 : 120-130。
  3. Ahmed, F. E. 2002. Detection of genetically modified orgqnisms in foods. Trends Biotechnol. 20: 215-223.
  4. Baulcombe, D. C. 1996. Mechanism of pathogen-derived resistance to viruses in transgenic plants. Plant Cell 8: 1833-1844.
  5. Bertolla, F., Simonet, P. 1999. Horizontal gene transfers in the environment: natural transformation as a putative process for gene transfers between transgenic plants and microorganisms (Mini-Review). Res. Microbiol. 150: 375-384.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王曉榆(2007)。利用半定量與即時定量聚合酶鏈鎖反應檢測耐熱性澱粉普魯南醣酶轉殖稻米及米製加工市售產品。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2007。1-87。
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