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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李震山,人性尊嚴與人權保障,元照出版有限公司,2001年11月版。
  2. 李惠宗,憲法要義,元照出版有限公司,三版一刷,2006年9月。
  3. 財團法人資訊工業策進會,生技法律解碼,書泉出版社,2005年11月。
  4. 邱永仁,代理孕母之立法爭議,台灣醫界第47卷第7期,2004年,頁33-34。
  5. 李震山,身體不受傷害權,法學講座第25期,2004年1月,頁1-25。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明偉(2010)。離體組織作為生醫材料管制之研究。中興大學法律學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-183。 
  2. 辛王燕丹(2012)。論藥物基因體學對我國醫藥責任法制之影響。成功大學法律學系學位論文。2012。1-175。 
  3. 李尉慈(2015)。我國人體器官移植之現狀與法律修正展望。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-137。 
  4. 李俊良(2015)。論人體檢體生物醫學研究之管制體系─以委員會控核機制及研究倫理法律義務為核心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-522。 
  5. 林祺祥(2009)。人體分離物及其衍生物或權利之法律屬性與權利歸屬之研究。成功大學法律學系學位論文。2009。1-130。
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