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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王聖丰,「禁忌搜尋法於污水下水水最佳化之應用」,國立中興大學環工系,碩士論文,2006。
  2. 李佩穎,「啟發式演算法在地下水復育優選問題之應用」,國立中興大學環工系,碩士論文,2006。
  3. 翁煥廷、廖述良,「應用遺傳演算法於污水管網系統配置最佳化模式之研究」,環工年會論文集,2005。
  4. 張燕鐸,「應用禁忌搜尋法於污水下水水最佳化之設計-以中興大學為例」,國立中興大學環工系,碩士論文,2007。
  5. Charalambous, C. and Elimam, A. A., “Heurisitic design of sewer networks,” Journal of the Environmental Engineering, ASCE, 116(6), 1181-1199, 1990.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭建宏(2010)。改良式最小生成樹輔助衛生下水道用戶接管規劃。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2010。1-74。 
  2. 李俊賢(2009)。應用模擬退火法於空調系統運轉之最佳化。臺北科技大學優質電力供電產業研發碩士專班學位論文。2009。1-68。 
  3. 陳冠維(2014)。類神經結合模擬退火法於空調系統運轉之最佳化。臺北科技大學優質電力供電產業研發碩士專班學位論文。2014。1-61。
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