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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 6. 周恆志(2004),「漲跌幅限制與極值理論在期貨保證金設定上之應用」,風險管理學報,第6卷,第2期,pp. 207-228。
    2. 11. 盧孟明、陳佳正、林昀靜(2007),「1951-2005年台灣極端降雨事件發生頻率之變化」,大氣科學,第三十五期二號,pp. 87-104。
    3. 2. Allen M. R., Ingram W. J.(2002)” Constraints on future changes in climate and the hydrologic cycle” NATURE, Vol 419
    4. 3. BALKEMA, A. A., HAAN L. D.,(1974)” Residual Lifetime at Great Age” Annals of Probability, pp. 792-804
    5. 6. Buishand T.A., Haan L.D. and Zhou C.(2008),” On Spatial Extremes: With Application To A Rainfall Problen,” The Annals of Applied Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 624–642.
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