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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡佳欣、陳美德、申屠萱、安寶貞。2011。Pseudomonas cichorii感染番茄之鑑
  2. 植物病理學會一百年度年會論文摘要。
  3. Araujo, E. R., Pereira, R. C., Ferreira, M. A. S. V., Cafe-Filho, A. C., Moita, A. W., and Quezado-Duval, A. M. 2011. Effect of temperature on pathogenicity components of tomato bacterial spot and competition between Xanthomonas perforans and X. gardneri. Proc.3rd IS on Tomato Diseases.
  4. Berg, T., Tesoriero, L., and Hailstones, D. L. 2005. PCR-based detection of Xanthomonas campestris pathovars in Brassica seed. Plant Pathol. 54:416-427.
  5. Bouzar, H., Jones, J. B., Minsavage, G. V., Stall, R. E., and Scott, J. W. 1993. Proteins unique to phenotypically distinct groups of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria revealed by silver staining. Phytopathology 84:39-44.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何苗芳(2014)。茄科細菌性斑點病菌檢測生物晶片之研發。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。2014。1-62。 
  2. 曾譯嫺(2013)。市售番茄品種對Xanthomonas perforans之感受性及其在番茄葉表之群集。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。2013。1-50。 
  3. 林立心(2016)。茄科細菌性斑點病菌 Xanthomonas perforans 之拮抗細菌篩選及其外泌抗生物質之探討。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。2016。1-53。
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