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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王震宇(2006),「財務性與非財務性績效衡量指標之運用」,會計研究月刊,第250期,60-63。
  2. 6.李育慶(2005),「運用平衡計分卡探討鋼鐵結構產業發展衡量指標之研究─以C公司為例」,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 7.周春初(2005),「以平衡計分卡觀點建構資訊電子業績效管理系統之研究」,國立成功大學管理學院高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)碩士論文。
  4. 9.唐迪俊(2004),「運用平衡計分卡於非營業基金經營策略及績效評估之研究─以國軍地區福利供應站為例」,元智大學會計研究所碩士論文。
  5. 10.徐佳炾(2004),「Gary Cokins解讀策略地圖與平衡計分卡」,會計研究月刊,第224期,83-91。
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