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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李健捀、陳榮五、 陳世雄。水稻有機栽培對稻米品質之影響。臺中區農業改良場研究彙報63: 31-47 (1999)。
  2. 劉仲華。2004。糯性米穀粉及預糊化處理對麵糰性質及饅頭品質之影響。國立台灣大學農業化學研究所博士論文,台北。
  3. 台灣經濟研究院。
  4. A.O.A.C. (2000).Official methods of analysis, 17th ed. Washingtob, DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
  5. Abdulmola, N. A., Hember, M. W. N., Richardson, R. K., & Morris, E. R. (1996). Effect of xanthan on the small deformation rheology of cross linked and uncross linked waxy maize starch. Carbohydrate Polymer, 31, 65-78.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾榮才(2013)。以膨發壓力參數探討小麥及薏苡理化性質及其即食化技術製備之評估。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2013。1-244。
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